Earth is currently facing lot of environmental concerns. The environmental problems like global warming, acid rain, air pollution, urban sprawl, waste disposal, ozone layer depletion, water pollution, climate change and many more affect every human, animal and nation on this planet.
Earth is currently facing lot of environmental concerns. The environmental problems like global warming, acid rain, air pollution, urban sprawl, waste disposal, ozone layer depletion, water pollution, climate change and many more affect every human, animal and nation on this planet. Over the last few decades, the exploitation of our planet and degradation of our environment have gone up at an alarming rate. As our actions have been not in favor of protecting this planet, we have seen natural disasters striking us more often in the form of flash floods, tsunamis and cyclones.
“We are the first generation to fully understand climate change and the last generation to be able to do something about it.” (United Nations World Meteorological Organization). Thus, sustainability is not an option – it is the need of the hour.
262 million people are affected by climate disasters every year. Since 2000, over 1 million people worldwide have died from natural disasters, with the cost of damage estimated at over $1.7 trillion. 20% of the world’s population consumes 80% of the resources, leading the other 80% of population to poverty. Dirty water kills 4000 children a day (unicef). More than 820 million people are hungry globally according to WHO.
According to a recent study by the United Nations Environment Programme, buildings account for nearly half of the world’s energy expenditures, 40% of greenhouse gases, 25% of potable water and 20% of all solid waste generated. The construction community is deeply entwined with the flows of materials, energy, and ideas that relate to climate change, both causes and solutions.
Education is becoming increasingly important as a key factor in the re-thinking of the construction industry towards a system of more sustainable buildings and cities. Architects, Civil Engineers and other stake holders in construction must have the knowledge and skills to design and construct the buildings in a sustainable way. For this to happen, engineering and architecture schools must provide a more comprehensive sustainable design education to students. Currently, architecture students are exposed only to basic concepts in sustainable design. Most of the civil engineering curriculum does not even discuss sustainability. Continuing education in sustainable design and construction is also important for architects and civil engineers.
Research and development in vernacular and sustainable / natural materials and technologies for construction and dissemination of the scientific and technical know-how on such materials and technologies amongst the industry and institutions are currently not much happening.
The general public has lost the confidence in building with vernacular and natural materials and technologies as it is not much exhibited and promoted now. Currently there is a need of a place for people to experience the strength, aesthetics and effectiveness of such materials and technologies.
As we strive to meet these challenges, a group of environmentalists initiated a small Experimental Village as an attempt to tackle these problems through education, research and awareness activities.